Clusters Of Letters

Step by step video tutorial

Watch the Clusters Of Letters (Part 1) video and repeat. The easiest way to memorize the Greek language. So, grab your notebook or download the free of charge PDF file and print it by clicking HERE. Download Link.

Two-digit vowels

Two-digit vowels (Δίψηφα φωνήεντα) are two vowel letters together, which produce their own sound.

αι (e sound) – example: παιδί (pe-THEE) = child, kid
οι (ee sound) – example: οικόπεδο (ee-KO-pe-do) = plot
ει (ee sound) – example: εικόνα (ee-KO-na) = picture
ου (u sound) – example: ουρά (u-RA) = tail
υι (ee sound) – example: υιός (ee-OS) = son

Two-digit consonants

Two-digit consonants (Δίψηφα σύμφωνα) are two consonant letters together, which produce their own sound.

μπ (b sound) – example: μπάλα (BA-la) = ball
ντ (d sound) – example: ντέφι (DE-fi) = tambourine
γκ (g sound) – example: αγκαλιά (a-ga-LIA) = hug
γγ (g sound) – example: φεγγάρι (fe-GA-ri) = moon
τσ (ts sound) – example: τσάντα (TSA-da) = bag
τζ (ntz sound) – example: τζίτζικας (NTZI-ntzi-kas) = cicada

Main diphthongs

Main diphthongs (Κύριοι δίφθογγοι) are two vowels together, pronounced by one syllable.

αϊ (a-ee sound) – example: γαϊδούρι (waee-THU-ri) = donkey
άι (a-ee sound) – example: γάιδαρος (WAee-tha-ros) = donkey
αη (a-ee sound) – example: αηδόνι (aee-THO-ni) = nightingale
οϊ (ο-ee sound) – example: κοροϊδεύω (ko-roee-THEV-o) = fool (verb)
όι (ο-ee sound) – example: κορόιδο (ko-ROee-tho) = sucker, fool
οη (ο-ee sound) – example: βόηθα (VOee-tha) = help (verb)

Abusive diphthongs

In addition to the main diphthongs, there is a second group of diphthongs. They are called abusive diphthongs (Καταχρηστικοί δίφθογγοι), and stand out because they start with one of any letters that produce the EE sound, except the letter Η. (υ, ι, οι, ει)

EXAMPLES
δίχτυα (THEE-hteea) = nets
ήλιος (EE-leeos) = sun
ποιος (PEEOS) = who
άδειο (A-theeo) = empty
Watch the Clusters Of Letters (Part 1) video and repeat. The easiest way to memorize the Greek language. So, grab your notebook or download the free of charge PDF file and print it by clicking HERE. Download Link.
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